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Entry-exit frontier inspection police take on duty with the
Guide reading:However, the "green card" application threshold is very high. According to the data, only 7356 people received the "green card" from 2004 to 2013. "When the Green Card was first introduced, it could not match all the facilities. Foreigners cannot trav
At the beginning of the new year, everything is renewed. According to the State Immigration Administration, the New Year's Day holiday ports in 2019 will usher in a small peak of entry and exit, with an average of 1.9 million passengers per day, an increase of 7% over the same period last year and 15% over the average day. In particular, the growth rates of large air ports such as Beijing Capital Airport, Shanghai Pudong Airport, Guangzhou Baiyun Airport and the land ports adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao, such as Luohu, Huanggang and Gongbei, Zhuhai, are relatively high. High, West Kowloon Port and Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge will also reach new high entry-exit flows, with growth expected to reach 47% and 25% respectively.
 
In order to do a good job of entry-exit customs clearance service during festivals, the State Immigration Administration has made a special deployment, requiring the national entry-exit frontier inspection authorities to timely forecast and publish the situation of passenger flow at the port, open sufficient inspection channels, strengthen on-site organization and guidance, give full play to the role of self-service system, improve the capacity and efficiency of the port, and arrange the police force for the elderly, children and those who need special care.  Other actions are inconvenient for passengers to actively provide assistance.
 
On January 1, 2019, all the members of the frontier inspection organs nationwide changed uniforms of the people's police to work on duty. The Beijing Border Inspection Police also changed the "Border Inspection" badge into a brand new "Immigration Bureau" badge. To provide high quality and efficient customs clearance service for inbound and outbound passengers with a brand new image.
 
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For a long time, there has been no special immigration management department in China. The Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Personnel and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Civil Affairs have all powers. There has been a long-standing call for the establishment of a special immigration management body.
 
On April 2, 2018, the National Immigration Administration was officially listed. In accordance with the requirements of the National Institution Reform Program, the State Immigration Administration will coordinate the formulation and implementation of immigration policies, take charge of the management of aliens'stay, residence and permanent residence, refugee and nationality, and take the lead in coordinating the governance of aliens in Africa, illegal immigration repatriation and international cooperation in the field of immigration.
 
From the integration of entry-exit and frontier inspection departments to the establishment of a unified and responsible immigration administration, China marks the transition from the entry-exit era to the immigration era.
 
Within two months after the listing, the State Immigration Administration approved 1881 eligible foreigners to stay permanently in China, which is equivalent to the total number of examinations and approvals in 2017.
 
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In March 2018, the National Institution Reform Program was promulgated. It proposed to integrate the duties of entry-exit management and border inspection of the Ministry of Public Security and set up the National Immigration Administration. Subsequently, the Notice of the State Council on the Establishment of the National Bureau under the Administration of Ministries and Committees was officially promulgated, confirming that the National Immigration Administration is managed by the Ministry of Public Security, with the sign of the Entry-Exit Administration added.
 
The integration of entry-exit and frontier inspection departments is closely related to the reform of the public security system. In 1998, the frontier inspection departments were reformed. At that time, the frontier inspection stations in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Xiamen, Haikou and Shantou were assigned to the local public security establishment, while the other areas were still assigned to the armed police establishment.
 
Longitudinally, the entry-exit management has experienced three stages: strict control, control, and control management. Now it has entered the management-oriented stage.
 
In the past, entry-exit and border inspection focused on controlling the behavior of the relevant actors, but now they begin to emphasize the integration and integration of immigration and residence management services.
 
Until 2015, Chinese officials had no concept of "immigration" and had always used the terms "foreigner" or "foreigner".
 
It was only in 2015 that the concept of "immigration" appeared for the first time in the "Opinions on Strengthening the Management of Foreigners'Permanent Residence Service" issued jointly by the Office of the Central Government and the State. The Opinion proposes to improve the establishment of the National Immigration administration and the allocation of responsibilities, and to undertake the formulation of a permanent residence policy in a unified manner.
 
Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, China's immigration policy has undergone two strategic transformations, which can be roughly divided into three stages.
 
From the beginning of the founding of the People's Republic of China to the reform and opening up, it was a stage of strict control. The Regulations on the Administration of Aliens'Entry, Exit, Transit and Residence Travel issued in 1964 require aliens to pass through designated entry and exit ports, means of transport and routes.
 
After the reform and opening up, China began to focus on introducing foreign experts. Compared with the previous period, it not only reduced the restrictions on foreigners, but also introduced a visa system to provide seven kinds of ordinary visas for entry foreigners, including settlement, work, study and visit, and increased port visas.
 
Although the restrictions were relaxed, foreigners could not stay permanently in China until 2004. At that time, the "long-term residence permit" had only a five-year visa period at most.
 
In August 2004, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs jointly promulgated the Regulations on the Examination and Approval of Foreigners'Permanent Residence in China. Since then, China has formally established a permanent residence system for foreigners, namely the "Green Card".
 
However, the "green card" application threshold is very high. According to the data, only 7356 people received the "green card" from 2004 to 2013. "When the Green Card was first introduced, it could not match all the facilities. Foreigners cannot travel by plane or train in China on the basis of a'green card', nor can they open bank accounts or buy houses.