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Quebec immigration law reform in Canada, 18,000 applications(5)
The Quebec Provincial Government submitted Bill 9 to the Provincial Assembly on February 7, local time, to revoke 18,000 applications for skilled migration received before August 2, 2018.
Quebec immigrants
_Quebec Immigration Minister Jolan Barrett, Tuyuan CBC
 
Why is this?
New immigrants must be French-speaking and identify with local values.
 
Simon Jolin-Barrette, Quebec's immigration minister, said at a news conference that Quebec has always accepted immigration on a "first come, first served" basis.
The new bill proposes to select immigrants according to the needs of the local labor market.
Jolan-Barrett also stressed that people coming to work in Quebec must learn French and identify with the democratic system and values here.
He said that the role of the Department of Immigration would be similar to that of dating websites after the new law was enacted. To bridge the gap between enterprises and new immigrants, of course, we should choose the most suitable one, not the first one to apply for it.
In order to enable regions and businesses to acquire the most suitable talents for their needs, the new Act also empowers the Minister of Immigration to impose conditions on "foreign citizens" seeking permanent residence status in order to ensure that they meet the needs of the provincial labour force, master French and accept the values of the Quebec Charter of Human Rights.
 
Canadian immigrants
Source CBC
 
In response, some experts questioned the validity of the value test promised by the Quebec Sports Federation Government under Canadian law.
The future Coalition Party of Quebec, which has just been elected for several months, has a majority in the provincial parliament, so the passage of the new bill is only a matter of time, but how to do so is not specified.
And the provincial government still faces great challenges to implement, because the implementation of certain provisions first needs to be agreed with the federal government.
 
The Quebec Sports Federation and the Federal Government are bound to clash.
 
The Federal Immigration Department is responsible for approving the right of permanent residence. Quebec must reach an agreement with the federal government if it is to have a say in this matter. But almost all immigration law experts agree that there is little possibility that the federal government will cede power.
Quebec's unemployment rate reached an all-time low of 6.1% last year.  According to CAQ economic data released last Monday, a tightening labor market may slow economic growth.
The Quebec Provincial Council (CPQ) is a major employer organization that promotes business interests in the province. He agrees with this view and issued a statement saying that immigration is essential to the prosperity of the province.
Yves-Thomas Dorval, president of CPQ, said, "Reducing trading volumes will only make things worse."
CPQ expressed the hope that the government would now increase the number of temporary foreign workers to help meet the needs of the labor force.
In fact, the future coalition government of Quebec last December has proposed a plan to reduce the number of immigrants it receives by one fifth each year.
Earlier, Trudeau suggested that Quebec should reconsider its plan to reduce the number of immigrants it receives each year.
Trudeau said he heard from entrepreneurs who were worried about the shortage of labor in the province. He told reporters in French in Ottawa, "I'm not sure this is the best time to reduce the number of people."
Despite Trudeau's concerns, Quebec's immigration cuts are still moving forward. The Quebec Sports Federation continued its campaign pledge to reduce the number of immigrants from more than 50,000 this year to 40,000 in 2019.
Family reunification migrants and refugee acceptance fall under the jurisdiction of the federal government. Quebec can only decide on economic migrants including skilled migrants and investment migrants.
In fact, the new bill has subtracted the most obvious part of the previous immigration reform program from the conflict with the federal government.
For example, the establishment of a three-year transition period, through the provincial nomination project, new immigrants to Quebec Province will need to pass the French proficiency test and values test to obtain the "Quebec Selection Certificate" necessary to apply for permanent residence in Canada.
Some experts believe that unless the federal government agrees to amend the agreement with Quebec on immigration reception, the plan will be like a piece of paper.
It is also out of these considerations that the new Act proposes to increase the powers of the Minister of Immigration.
Simon Jolin-Barrette, Minister of Immigration, said the government wanted to ensure that upcoming people were better integrated into the labour market.
"What we want is to use our resources so that everyone who chooses Quebec has a chance to succeed," he said in the National Assembly.
So, before the new law comes into effect, Quebec and the Canadian federal government will have to negotiate thoroughly.
In response, Dominic LeBlanc, the Minister of intergovernmental affairs, is an important figure in the federal government on this issue. He said the federal government will study Quebec's plan.
 
What should 18,000 applicants do?
 
Opposition parties believe that such an approach would damage Quebec's international image. Some immigration lawyers are already preparing to meet the provincial government in court.
It can be predicted that after the abolition of the immigration application, many angry applicants will take the provincial Immigration Department to court.
It is understood that any application received by the Immigration Department of Quebec Province before 2 August 2018 is likely to be invalidated. Statistics show that as many as 18,000 pending immigration applications have been filed, the earliest being in 2005.
The provincial government will refund these applicants'fees, which are expected to total $19 million.
In addition, if you want to immigrate after the abolition of the immigration application, you can also re-apply.
In response, Yves-Thomas Dorval, head of employers'organizations, said the organization was pleased to see the province pay more attention to "the needs of the labor market"